e-books for more handy beginner tips: Why AutoHotkey? and AutoHotkey
Tricks You Ought to Do with Windows!
A Review and Guide for Beginners
AutoHotkey Right for You?
mentioned AutoHotkey or you came across it while surfing the Web. The
name AutoHotkey doesn't say much about what the scripting language
does. Searches on
AutoHotkey can generate many questions while answering only a few. Is
AutoHotkey something that you want for your Windows computer or is it
merely another free utility that doesn't help all that much?
The purpose of this
article is to provide insight into the free AutoHotkey Windows utility for people who know little
or nothing about it and give some awareness about how to use it. After reading this page, you can determine for yourself
if AutoHotkey warrants further investigation or something you should avoid.
Some people may find
terms such as scriptwriting and programming intimidating. Don't let
this dissuade you from further investigation.
I assure you that AutoHotkey provides one of the gentlest introductions
into the world of Wiindows scripting. if you can turn on a Windows
computer and write an
e-mail (or any other text document), then you can use and benefit from
AutoHotkey. Yes, you can write simple, but quite useful,
AutoHotkey scripts without any programming knowledge. (You will find
some easy, one-line examples on this page which will make
your Windows computing life easier immediately.)
First, the features of AutoHotkey:
- It works only on Windows computers but works everywhere in Windows.
- You get the basic software (and most AutoHotkey applications) free.
- As a scripting language for automating Windows, you only need to learn a tiny amount of programming.
- You can do either simple one-line apps or complicated tasks with AutoHotkey scripting—your choice.
- You'll find many ready-made applications available on the Web—most requiring no programming.
- If you want to learn a little programming, you'll find AutoHotkey the easiest start.
- AutoHotkey makes Windows computing easier.
compatible with all current versions of Windows—from XP through Windows 10!
While this article
only covers the most basic of AutoHotkey techniques, you'll find numerous
interesting scripts available at the ComputorEdge Free AutoHotkey Scripts page and explained in the books listed on this page.
What You Can Do with AutoHotkey
AutoHotkey offers a
powerful scripting language which can solve many complex problems,
but the average novice can start with simple but useful scripts. Unlike
most other software environments, you don't need to know very much
AutoHotkey to make excellent use of it.
Starting with the easiest
applications, the following list provides a possible guide to your
AutoHotkey journey. It starts with some simple tricks, then builds
step-by-step toward slightly more complex scripts. Rather than jumping
into one of the more mysterious—though powerful—apps, follow this list
to learn AutoHotkey a teaspoon at a time:
While AutoHotkey can provide immediate satisfaction of many of your
Windows computing needs, you'll find the language quite capable of
producing much more powerful scripts capable of competing with
any commercial software package.
- Write simple one-line Hotstrings for instant text
replacement in any document of editing field on your computer or one
the Web. Great for text auto-correct programs .
- Write simple Hotkeys for automating all of your Windows
task. Launch programs, load Web pages, play music, or any one of many
more applications (dim your screen, control volume with your mouse scrollwheel, make any window always-on-top, etc).
- Build pop-up windows for almost any purpose (an eggtimer, a to-do list, add dates to documents, etc).
- Build menus for instant access to all of your favor apps (e.g. QuickLinks to replace the awkward Start menu, a menu of active windows, a menu of synonyms).
- Write more advance scripts that read and write files, search Windows File Explorer, or access the Windows Registry.
- Produce that killer app—answering the question "Life, the Universe, and Everything?"
How to Get Started
If you have never programmed
before, you should concentrate
on the two most basic functions of AutoHotkey: Real-time text
replacement (Hotstrings) and setting up shortcut key combinations which
run programs or simple routines (Hotkeys) for automating your computer,
Web sites and speeding up operations on your other Windows programs.
AutoHotkey offers too many features to enumerate,
two key aspects of the language reflect both the name AutoHotkey and
the most basic purpose of the free Windows scripting language. First, a
Hotstring preforms simple replacement of text while you type on your
For example, if I write a one-line script containing the line:
then save that line
in a text file with
the AHK extension (i.e. myemail.ahk), I can run that script with the
installed AutoHotkey program creating one Hotstring. Whenever I type
“j@” and hit the space bar, period or comma, the full
address (email@example.com) replaces those two characters. This happens everywhere on my
Windows computer, whether I use Microsoft Word, Outlook Express,
a Blog on the Web, Notepad, or any other text editing field. You
can immediately see the value for this line of code. Plus, AutoHotkey does not
limited you to just one line of code.
can contain a series of
lines similar to the one above, each creating a instant text
replacement combination—saving you time—plus the wear and tear on your
one case, thousands of such code lines make up the AutoCorrect.ahk script—monitoring your work in real-time with a list of the
misspelled words in the English language.
The second basic
feature of AutoHotkey, Hotkey
creation, sets up shortcut key combinations for runniing your favorite programs,
visiting your favorite Web pages, speeding up tasks within other
Windows programs, or running much more complex AutoHotkey scripts. For
example, suppose you wanted to quickly load your Web browser with a particular site.
#space::Run http://www.computoredge.com/Save that one line of code in a text file using the .ahk extension with Notepad (i.e.
openwepage.ahk could be
the name of the file), then, with AutoHotkey installed, run it with a
double-click on the filename in Windows File Explorer. Now, after
space bar while holding down Windows key (), the default browser opens—navigating to the ComputorEdge main Web page. The # sign represents the Windows key ()—the
character used to designate that key
in an AutoHotkey
example of a Hotkey line of
This one uses the Control+Alt+C Hotkey
combination to open the Windows Calculator. (^ represents Control and the exclamation point !
represents Alt in the Hotkey combination.)
AutoHotkey uses the double-colon (::) to designate
Hotstring text replacement and Hotkey combinations. In text replacement, the
double-colon appears at the beginning of the line—assigning the activating character string (when pressed in order). The second
double-colon designates the replacement text for the activation string.
When setting up a Hotkey combination (keys pressed simultaneously),
the activating characters appear at the beginning of the line—followed by the double colon. The
command (or set of commands) following the double-colon determines the
actions executed after pressing the Hotkey combination.
The following image shows four different Hotkeys/Hotstring setups (three Hotkeys and one Hotstring):
This image shows an example of an AutoHotkey script in Notepad which sets up
independent routines. The four sets of code added to the script perform the following functions:
(AutoHotkey automatically adds the
text at the top of the file]when you create a
new AutoHotkey file.)
- Open a
Google search in the default Web browser.
- Launch Windows Notepad and
return a message when you close it,
- Launch the Windows Calculator.
- Convert "imho" to "in my humble opinion" anywhere you typed it.
You'll find it easy to get started with AutoHotkey. Install the AutoHotkey program which runs in the background (see the
AutoHotkey Web page) and write the examples above and save then a simple text
file with the .ahk extension. While AutoHotkey can get much more complex, when starting out, you only need
the basics. You can get yourself up and running in a very short time. If
you want more, then you'll find plenty of help available.
Jack regularly writes
AutoHotkey on all ranges of topics blogs at " Jack's
So Much More
and Hotkeys only scratch the surface of what AutoHotkey can do for your
Windows computer. The AutoHotkey scripting language offers the simplicity to
build simple pop-up apps, build useful menus, and solve numerous routine Windows
problems while providing the power for much more complex programs. Over the
course of the years, I've posted many beginning AutoHotkey scripts (free to
download and use) which accomplish a variety of different tasks. Some
are as simple as a one-liner which makes any window "always-on-top"
while others (although not complicated) involve time calculations for
the age of grandkids (or anyone) or a barebones music player. The
following are a few of the practical uses available for download:
• Adding dates to any documents (AddDate)
• Instant correction of commonly misspelled English words (AutoCorrect)
• Quick backup of text (BackupText and IncrementalSaveText)
• Calculating ages (GrandKids)
• Opening hard to find or often used folders (FolderOpen)
• Setting up temporary hotkey combinations to add text to documents (InstantHotkey)
• Tailored Start pop-up windows and menus as a replacement for the
missing Start Menu in Windows 8 or any other version of Windows (LaunchWindow
• A barebones Windows media player for music and video (QuikPlay)
• A reminder app that pops-up for appointments (Reminder)
• A voice app that reads text to you (SayWhat)
• An app for moving and sizing options for the last active window (WindowMove)
• An app for looking up the geographic location of any highlighted IP
address on the Web (IPFind)
• And more!
I have posted these scripts at the ComputorEdge Free AutoHotkey Scripts page download site.
Why Use AutoHotkey?
Many programs such as
Microsoft Word includes features similar to those available through AutoHotkey. You can do text replacement with a set of
commonly misspelled words plus create keyboard shortcuts (Hotkeys) for quickly
executing regular tasks. However, those tools in Microsoft Word only
work in Word and a couple of other Microsoft products. AutoHotkey
works everywhere you use it whether in a Windows program or on the
Web. It even works in Word. AutoHotkey gives you a universality that
you won't see in most Windows utilities.
AutoHotkey is easy to
set up and use. It
has tremendous flexibility. There is a long list of AutoHotkey
commands which can be used for everything from sizing and moving
windows to adding calendar events to your Windows computers. But you
don't need to use any of these commands to get a great benefit from
AutoHotkey is free.
AutoHotkey is Open
Source which means
no one person or company owns it. There are no license fees and you
are free to use your scripts anywhere you like. Some very dedicated individuals maintain, update and support AutoHotkey.
They can be found by visiting the AutoHotkey Forums.
If you are concerned
about how safe
AutoHotkey is, see this AutoHotkey
For More Information
If you're interested
in testing AutoHotkey to see if it might be right for you, then go to "Installing
AutoHotkey and Writing Your First Script."
This page shows you how to get up and running with AutoHotkey,
plus it offers links to other articles on how to use AutoHotkey.
To see more of the many possible applications for AutoHotkey check out
"Free AutoHotkey Scripts and Apps for Learning."
you want more information in either the Amazon Kindle format, EPUB
format for use on the iPad and other types of tablet computers (or on
PC), or PDF for printing on notebook size paper, then check out the
following e-books by Jack Dunning:
e-book for a useful overview, AutoHotkey
Tricks You Ought to Do with Windows! Also available at Amazon.com!
* * *
available in e-book format, Jack's A
Beginner's Guide to AutoHotkey, Absolutely the Best Free Windows
Utility Software Ever!: Create Power Tools for Windows XP, Windows
Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8 and Windows 10.
Building Power Tools for Windows XP, Windows Vista, Windows 7 and
Windows 8, AutoHotkey is the most powerful, flexible, free
Windows utility software available. Anyone can instantly add more of
the functions that they want in all of their Windows programs, whether
installed on their computer or while working on the Web. AutoHotkey has
a universality not found in any other Windows utility—free or
Now in its third edition (December 2014),
takes you through his learning experience as he explores writing simple
AutoHotkey scripts for adding repetitive text in any program or on the
Web, running programs with special hotkeys or gadgets, manipulating the
size and screen location of windows, making any window always-on-top,
copying and moving files, and much more. Each chapter builds on the
previous chapters. (The second edition now includes a chapter index of
the AutoHotkey commands used in the book, plus Internet links directly
to each command to the official AutoHotkey Web site.)
Also available at Amazon.com for the Kindle and
* * *
second AutoHotkey book which is comprised of updated, reorganized and
indexed chapters from many of his sample applications are available
at ComputorEdge E-Books. The book is organized and
broken up into
by topic. The book is not for the complete beginner since it builds on
the information in A Beginner's Guide to AutoHotkey.
However, if a person is reasonably computer literate, they could go
directly to this book for ideas and techniques without the first book.
Jack shows how to build real-world AutoHotkey applications. The
AutoHotkey commands used are included in a special index to the
chapters in which they appear. Even I can't remember everything I
Also available at Amazon.com for the Kindle and Kindle
To get more detailed
information about AutoHotkey and see a List of
visit the AutoHotkey
* * *
third AutoHotkey book AutoHotkey Applications (preferred,
EPUB format for iPad, Android, and computers; MOBI for Amazon Kindle;
and PDF for printing) is an intermediate level book of ideas and
applications based primarily on the AutoHotkey GUI command. The book
emphasizes practical applications. The book is not for the complete
beginner since it builds on the information in the other two books.
However, if a person is reasonably computer literate, they could go
directly to this book for ideas and techniques without the other books.
There is an extensive index to the ideas and techniques covered in the
back of the book. (Also available from Amazon for the Kindle and Kindle
software on other devices.)
For an EPUB (iPad, NOOK, etc.) version of AutoHotkey
Applications click here!
For a PDF version for printing on letter-size paper for inclusion in a standard notebook of AutoHotkey
Applications click here!
* * *
Beginner's Guide to
Using Regular Expressions in AutoHotkey
is not a beginning level AutoHotkey book, but an introduction to using
Regular Expressions in AutoHotkey (or most other programming
languages). To get the most from this book you should already have a
basic understanding of AutoHotkey (or another programming language).
Regular Expressions (RegEx) are a powerful way to search and alter
documents without the limitations of most of the standard matching
functions. At first, the use of RegEx can be confusing and mysterious.
This book clears up the confusion with easy analogies for understanding
how RegEx works and examples of practical AutoHotkey applications.
"Regular Expressions in AutoHotkey" will take you to the next level in
AutoHotkey scripting while adding more flexibility and power to your
Windows apps. (This book is also available
More AutoHotkey Uses
AutoHotkey is a scripting language which can make
almost everything easier on Windows computers. It can be a simple
one-line script in a text file which enters your e-mail address after
only typing a couple of characters (i.e. "m@" when typed becomes
"firstname.lastname@example.org"). There are some power apps which can
make your computer life much easier. For
over 5,000 commonly misspelled words in any Windows program
or on the
a reminder for a later
QuickLinks to replace the
missing Windows 8 Start Menu (or just to make life easier in any
version of Windows).